Aims and Scope
A Case Report: Type II Abernethy Malformation Complicated with Congenital Polydactyly and Enlargement of all Cardiac ChambersCheng Zhu, Min Wang, Qian Hao
Abernethy malformation is a kind of congenital malformation of the portal vein system caused by abnormal portacaval shunts. It can be in combination with many other congenital malformations. There has been a limited number of patients since the first patient was reported, leading to limited knowledge of this kind of disease.
In August 2018, we treated a patient diagnosed with type II Abernethy malformation complicated with both congenital polydactyly and enlargement of all cardiac chambers, which is extremely rare and can be supplementary to the existing cases. According to a comprehensive and adequate assessment of patients' condition, we treated him with oral silybin (70 mg every time and 3 times a day) for 3 months, and advised him to make follow-up visits.
At the latest follow-up, we knew the health condition of this patient was generally satisfactory, whether in terms of laboratory test results or his daily life experience.
Although the major therapy for Abernethy malformation is surgery, this case suggests that simple conservative treatment with regular follow-up visits can be suitable for certain patients.
September 22, 2020
- August 20, 2020
- June 29, 2020
- February 14, 2020
- May 23, 2020
- July 31, 2020
- August 25, 2020
A Detailed Insight of the Anti-inflammatory Effects of Curcumin with the Assessment of Parameters, Sources of ROS and Associated MechanismsPranay Wal, Nikita Saraswat, Rashmi Saxena Pal, Ankita Wal, Madhvi Chaubey
Curcumin is an active constituent of Curcuma longa, which belongs to Zingiberaceae family. It is derived from the Rhizome of a perennial plant having molecular formula C21H20O6 and chemically it is (1, 7- bis (4- hydroxy - 3 methoxyphenyl) -1, 6 - heptadine - 3, 5 - diene), also known as diferuloylmethane. Curcumin has been extensively used as a herbal constituent for curing several diseases and is scientifically proven to show major effects as an anti-inflammatory agent.
Inflammation is an important factor for numerous diseases including diabetes neuropathy, cancer, asthma, arthritis, and other diseases. Prophylaxis of inflammatory diseases through synthetic medications tends to have major toxicity and side effects on a large number of population. The foremost aim of this review paper is to assess the natural anti-inflammatory effect of curcumin, source, and mechanism of action, potential therapeutic effect and models associated. Additionally, this paper aims to scrutinize inflammation, sources of reactive oxygen species, and pathways of reactive oxygen species generation and potential side effects of curcumin.
Selection of data has been done by studying the combination of research and review papers from different databases like PubMed, Medline and Web of science from the year 1985- 2018 by using search keywords like “curcumin”, “anti-inflammatory”, “ROS”, “Curcuma longa”, “medicinal uses of curcumin”, “assessing parameters”, “inflammation”, “anti-oxidant”
On the basis of our interpretation, we have concluded that curcumin has potential therapeutic effects in different inflammatory diseases, it inhibits the inflammatory mediators, oxidation processes, and oxidative stress and has no severe toxicity on animals and humans.
Oxidative stress is a major cause of inflammation and curcumin has a good potential for blocking it. Curcumin is also easily accessible herbal source and should be consumed in the form of food, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory agents and further observation should be done on its therapeutic parameters, risk factors, and toxicity studies and oral viability.
September 30, 2019
- August 30, 2019
- May 31, 2018
- December 28, 2018
Inhibition of Renal Fibrosis and Glomerular Injury by Sacubitril/Valsartan, a Combination Angiotensin Receptor Blocker and Neprilysin Inhibitor, in a Salt-Sensitive Hypertensive Model Using Angiotensin 1 Receptor Knockout Mice: The Contribution of Non-Angiotensin Blocking Effects to Renal Protection