RESEARCH ARTICLE


Using Biomedical Ethics Model to Explore Use of Postmortem Specimens in Tissue Research



Stacy A. Drake*, Erica T. Yu
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Nursing Department of Acute and Continuing Education, 6901 Bertner Ave., #622, Houston, TX 77030, USA


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© Drake and Yu; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Nursing Department of Systems, 6901 Bertner Ave., #748, Houston, Texas 77030, USA; Tel: 713-500-2113; Fax: 713-500-2142; E-mail: Stacy.A.Drake@uth.tmc.edu


Abstract

Researchers often have a need to conduct human tissue research using postmortem specimens. Medicolegal death investigation organizations are untapped areas for obtaining postmortem human tissues. Because death investigation organizations are not required by law to conduct or support research, an ethical dilemma exists in whether or not researchers should use cadaver tissues for research purposes. This paper analyzes the ethical issues of using human tissues through discussion of principles of biomedical ethics, respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. Policy makers, organ and tissue procurement organizations, medicolegal death investigation organizations, and scientists should be aware of these principles when considering researchers requests. The authors conclude that with Institutional Review Board approval and next of kin consent, there are prevailing reasons for using postmortem tissue for research.

Keywords: Ethics, Forensic pathology, Medicolegal death investigation, Postmortem tissue research.