RESEARCH ARTICLE


Peak Expiratory Flow Rate: A Useful Tool for Early Detection of Airway Obstruction in School Children



Bharati Mehta1, *, Kunal Garg2, #, Sneha Ambwani3, Bharti Bhandari1, Om Lata Bhagat1
1 Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
2 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India


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© Mehta et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Physiology All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India; Tel/Fax: +91 8003996866; E-mail: drbharati2005@yahoo.com

Third year MBBS student



Abstract

Context:

Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) is an effort-dependent parameter, emerging from the large airways within about 100-120 msec of the start of forced expiration. It measures the degree of obstruction in the airways. A child from an asthmatic family, having significantly low PEFR values than its height and age matched peers, can be considered under impending asthma category.

Aims:

The present study was proposed to detect early stages of airway obstruction in school going children.

Settings and Design:

Observational study conceived in the department of Physiology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

Methods and Material:

Hundred students of age group 7-15 years participated in the study. A family history for presence/absence of asthmatic symptoms was taken from all subjects. After anthropometric examination, PEFR values were recorded in standing position, using the Mini Wright Peak Flow meter after demonstrating them the right procedure. Three measurements were taken and the highest reading was recorded.

Statistical Analysis Used:

Fisher’s exact test was done to calculate the two tailed ‘P’ value, Odd’s ratio and relative risk.

Results:

Thirty-one Percent children with family history of airway obstruction showed PEFR values below 80% of the predicted value, while 5.74% who were not having any family history of asthma, also showed values below 80% of the predicted value. With Fisher’s exact test, the two tailed ‘P’ value was 0.0155 (significant).

Conclusion:

The results of this study support the vital role of PEFR related to changes in airflow, which eventually can result in early identification of children with airway obstruction.

Keywords: Airway obstruction, Asthma, Impending asthma category, PEFR.