REVIEW ARTICLE


The Use of LASER and its Further Development in Varying Aspects of Surgery



DJ Jordan1, P Mafi2, *, R Mafi3, M Malahias4, A El Gawad1
1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Whiston Hospital, Liverpool, UK
2 Barts and The London NHS Trust, Whipps Cross University Hospital, London, UK
3 Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
4 Department of Plastic Surgery, Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK


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© Jordan et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Barts and The London NHS Trust, Whipps Cross University Hospital, London, UK; Tel/Fax: + 44(0)1244366265; E-mail: hy9pm@hyms.sc.uk


Abstract

Lasers are now common place in day to day life and have been used across the sciences since their description as far back as 1917. Initially met with some sceptism, their use in medicine and in particular the surgical specialty has only increased. Their use in the future is also likely to expand as we continue to improve their efficiency and technology surrounding them.

This review aims to introduce lasers to the novice. The topic of lasers is vast and complex, but we aim to give enough information for the reader to understand how lasers are designed, how they were created, as well as a summary of their current use in medicine.

Keywords: Laser, Surgery, Medicine, Optical maser.